Week 59: LPG Insider Report

In the immediately preceding week, prices on domestic markets for LPG were slightly increased while the international market price fluctuated at a decreasing level

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Week 59: LPG Insider Report


In the immediately preceding week, prices on domestic markets for LPG were slightly increased while the international market price fluctuated at a decreasing level

  • The international prices of LPG fluctuated on a fallen note throughout the week but ended with a risen movement at the end of the week.

  • Depot prices have shown some level of reduction from the beginning of the week but ended with an upward movement compared to the previous week.

  • The narrowing disparities between prices at the depot level and those at the international level still prevail.

  • Price changes per kg of LPG in the week under review and in the past few weeks have remained within the limited range.

  • Regional disparities in the retail prices of LPG within the country continue to persist.

     

     

     

     

    Regional disparity in the prices of LPG across the country has been a regular feature of the Nigerian LPG market. Even though the North Central is far from the coastal region, there is slight difference between the North-central and South-west prices region has the relative highest prices due to distance from the coastal regions.

     

     

    • Inflation Rate and the LPG: There has been a continuous rise in the rate of inflation in the past 13 months. The rate of inflation in November increased from 14.89 to 15.75 in December 2020 (Fig D). From 18.3 in November, 17.38 in October, 16.16 percent in September and 16.0 percent in August, the composite food index rose to 19.56 in December, 15.48 percent in July 2020 compared to 15.18 percent in June 2020. One of the causes of the growing trend is the closure of Nigerian land borders against vital products, the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic and the protest against EndSars. This implies that inflation erodes the monetary value of goods and services. The price becomes dearer and this reduces sales of LPG.

     

    • Exchange Rate and the LPG: Exchange rate value from the CBN official site still persistent at N380 to US.$1 throughout the week (Figure E), even as disparities continue to widen in the parallel market. The exchange rate is one of the variables that determine the price of LPG in the international market. A higher exchange rate will add to the cost price of the LPG. This reduces LPG in the market.

     

    • Crude oil Price and the LPG: As a by-product of crude oil, the relationship between the LPG price and crude oil price is positive. The Prices of crude oil in the international market increased throughout the week with a slight fall at the middle of the week (Figure F). This indicates that an increase in the price of crude oil in the international market results to an increase in the cost of LPG. This signal a high price to the LPG market.

     

    • Foreign Reserves: As in the previous week, the Nigerian Gross Foreign Reserve continues to decline, moving from $36.1 billion to $35.88 billion amid the devaluation and pegging of the Naira at N380 to US$1. This will signal to the forex market that further devaluation is inevitable in order to help support the naira.

     

    • PMI: For the gas market in the month of December, the Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) of the CBN reported overall growth in employment, business activities and inventory while orders remained static in the Electricity, gas, steam & air conditioning supply category while Business Activities and employment & inventory remain 45.7% in the same month.

       

       

      Covid-19: Even though the effects of the first event still persist, Nigeria is currently experiencing the second wave of the Covid-19 pandemic. Schools have not fully resumed while the universities in Nigeria are awaiting government directives to fully open. The implications of this on the LPG market is that its volume of sales will not increase in the affected areas.

      To reduce the effect of the Covid-19 on the economy, there should be a constant awareness programme through the media and places of worship; and also vaccine for Covid-19 should be made available for everybody

       

       

      • The prices in the weeks to come may rise due to the persistent increase in the rate of inflation particularly driven by food inflation.

         

         

        The Nigerian LPG Market is the next success story of the Global LPG industry, if you need a partner with a global perspective and local expertise in the Nigerian and African space, kindly book for a free session with our team of experts to help you http://www.kiakiagas.com/book-session or write us an email at advisory@kiakiagas.com or Whatsapp: +2348085269328

 

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